from Sovereign Man:
On April 5, 1793, decorated French military commander Charles Dumouriez caused a sensational panic in Paris when he fled the country and defected to Austria.
It had been nearly four years since French peasants stormed the Bastille, the event that historians generally regard as the start of the French Revolution.
And hardly a week had gone by since without some major crisis, emergency, or tragedy in France.
There were regular violent riots across the country– in Paris, other major cities, and even the rural countryside. Widespread massacres were commonplace.
And given that one of the key goals of France’s new revolutionary government was to eliminate Christianity from the nation, civil war between religious factions broke out as well.
To cap things off, France was under constant threat of foreign invasion.
Austria and Prussia were not only waging conventional war against France, but both nations had sent highly trained agents to infiltrate French borders to pursue violence and chaos from within.
It was exhausting. French people were living in perpetual fear, and the wanton death of innocents had become an unfortunately normal part of life.
So when it was found that Dumouriez (a French citizen) had defected to the enemy, people hit their breaking points. Enough was enough. And they cried out to the government to save them.
The government listened.
The very next day, on April 6, 1793, the new French government established the Committee of Public Safety (though it was originally known as the Danton Committee).
The Committee was given broad, emergency powers since it was a time of such crisis.
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