The closer of London Gold Fix (LGF) on March 20 is big news. The first London gold fixing was performed in 1919; it had a short way to go till its anniversary. The system of its functioning was simple enough. A number of leading participants started a fixing process to reach a balance between supply and demand to set the price. The gold fixing provided a recognized rate that was used as a benchmark for pricing the majority of gold products and derivatives throughout the world’s markets. There were five participating banks and market makers that made up London Bullion Market Association – LBMA. London Gold Market Fixing Ltd. exercised the administrative control.
For many years LGF was perceived to be an ideal instrument for fixing the gold price on the world market, especially for individual contracts and derivatives (paper gold). The rates were used for evaluating monetary gold reserves and liabilities pegged to the precious metal (for instance, bank deposits denominated in gold). The drawbacks of the system were hushed up, no matter more and more questions were being raised, especially during the recent 10-20 years.
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